《中国教育报》刊登千亿体育应用型人才培养模式的创新与实践

  • 千亿体育        6yue21ri,《zhongguojiaoyubao》tuichutiwei《yingyongxingrencaigairuhepeiyang——qianyitiyu“sangesanweiyiti”rencaipeiyangmoshichuangxinyushijian》yiwen,quanmianfanyingqianyitiyuyingyongxingrencaipeiyangmoshidechuangxin、shijianjiqudedechengxiao。xianjiangyuanwenzhuanzairuxia。

    应用型人才该如何培养
    ——千亿体育“三个三位一体”人才培养模式创新与实践

    千亿体育        youdaoyinianbiyeji。2016niangaoxiaobiyeshengda765wanren,bi2015nianzengjia16wanren。jiuyexingshifuzayoujianju。raner,qianyitiyu2016jiebiyeshengmianduijiuyequechengzhuzaixiong、zixinmanman。

    千亿体育        chuangbanjin16niandeqianyitiyulianxuduonianyicixingjiuyelvchaoguo95%,gaoyuquanshengpingjunshuiping。gaixiaocengxianhou6cironghuo“anhuishengputonggaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuoxianjinjiti”chenghao,lianxu3nianbeipingwei“anhuishengputonggaoxiaobiyeshengjiuyegongzuobiaobingdanwei”,haibeiguojiajiaoyubumenpingwei“quanguobiyeshengjiuyegongzuodianxingjingyangaoxiao”。

    千亿体育        gaixiaobiyeshengweiherucishouqinglai?daxueshengjiuyenengliangnalilai?zheiyugaixiaoshishideyingyongxingrencaipeiyangmoshichuangxinmibukefen。jintian,womenyiqilaifankaigaixiao“sangesanweiyiti”rencaipeiyangmoshide“miji”。

    围绕地方性、应用型办学定位,形成“四注重、四突出”的人才培养思路

           2000nianchuangban、2005nianshengbendeqianyitiyu,shiyisuozaigaodengjiaoyudazhonghuahechanyejiegouzhuanxingshengjishidaibeijingxiafazhanqilaideminbangaoxiao。zaibanxueguochengzhong,gaixiaojiaozaoquedingledifangxing、yingyongxingdebanxuedingwei,jianggenzhidifang、rongrudifang、fuwudifang,zuoweishengcunfazhandejichu;jiangpeiyangyingyongxingrencai,zengqiangweijingjishehuifazhanfuwudenengliheshuiping,zuoweichuangjiandifangyingyongxinggaoshuipingdaxuedeshouyaorenwuhetishenghexinjingzhenglidegenbentujing。

           gaixiaoanzhao“yurenweiben、deyuweixian、nengliweizhong、quanmianfazhan”deyaoqiu,tichule“sizhuzhong、situchu”derencaipeiyangsilu,ji: zhuzhongxueshengdezhitimeiquanmianfazhan,tuchudeyuweixian;zhuzhonglilunyushijianxiangjiehe,tuchushijiannenglipeiyang;zhuzhongzhiyeshengyajiaoyu,tuchushehuishiyingnenglipeiyang;zhuzhongfenleipeiyangheyincaishijiao,tuchuchuangxinchuangyenenglipeiyang。nulipeiyangpinxingduanzheng,shenxinjiankang,jichuzhashi,shijiannengliqiang,juyouzhiyesuyang、chuangxinjingshenhefazhanqianlidegaosuzhiyingyongxingzhuanmenrencai。

    坚持开放式办学,构建“三个三位一体”人才培养模式

           zai“sizhuzhong、situchu”derencaipeiyangsiluzhidaoxia,qianyitiyujianchikaifangshibanxue,goujianle“sangesanweiyiti”deyingyongxingrencaipeiyangmoshi,ji: “xuexiao、qiye、yanjiujigou”sanweiyitideyurenzhuti、“tongshikecheng、zhuanyekecheng、zhiyeshengyakecheng”sanweiyitidekechengtixi、“xue、yong、chuang”sanweiyitidepeiyangfangshi。

    千亿体育        xingcheng“xuexiao、qiye、yanjiujigou”sanweiyitideyurenzhuti。zuoweianhuishengyingyongxinggaoxiaolianmengdefaqidanweizhiyi,gaixiaojijicujinxiaoxiaohezuo、xiaoqihezuo、xiaodihezuo,chenglilechanxueyanhezuojiaoyuweiyuanhui,jianlixiangyingjizhi,yuxingyeqiye、keyanyuansuodajianhezuopingtai,zailianhezhidingrencaipeiyangfangan、hezuokaifayingyongxingkecheng、gongtongjianshe“shuangneng”xingshiziduiwu、gongjianshixishixunjidi、peiyangyingyongxingrencaidengfangmianjijikaizhanchanxueyanhezuojiaoyu,chongfenfahuilexuexiao、qiyeheyanjiujigousanfangyurenzuoyong。

           goujian“tongshikecheng、zhuanyekecheng、zhiyeshengyakecheng”sanweiyitidekechengtixi。“tongshikecheng”zhizaipeiyangjuyoushehuikexuehezirankexuejibenzhishi、tongrongshijian、bianzhengsiwei、boyaqinghuaihegaoshangzhiqudegaosuzhirencai;“zhuanyekecheng”zhizaipeiyangzaimouyigezhuanyelingyujuyouzhashijichuhejiaoqiangyingyongnenglidezhuanmenrencai;“zhiyeshengyakecheng”zhizaipeiyangjuyoujiaoqiangshengyaguihuayishiyujineng、jiaogaozhiyesuyang、jiaoqiangshehuishiyingnengliderencai。gaixiaotongguokechengshezhi、shijianjiaoxuehuanjieanpaijiqitayurenhuodong,jiangtongshikecheng、zhuanyekechenghezhiyeshengyakechengxianghuxianjie,xingchengyigeyoujizhengti,gouchengsanweiyitidekechengtixi。

           tansuo“xue、yong、chuang”sanweiyitidepeiyangfangshi。“xue”jiushixuezhishi、xuejineng、xuezuoshi、xuezuoren,zheishirencaipeiyangdejibentujing。gaixiaocaiquduozhongcuoshi,yindaobingyaoqiuxueshengzaiketangxue、zaishiyanshixue、daoqiyexue、daoshehuizhongxue,peiyangxueshengduanzhengdepinxing、jiankangdeshenxin、zhashidejichuhejiaoqiangdefazhanqianli。“yong”jiushixueyizhiyong,yiyongcuxue,yiyongcuneng,tashiyingyongxingrencaipeiyangdeguanjianhuanjie。gaixiaotongguoqianghuakechengsheji、shengchanshixi、biyeshixi、biyelunwen(sheji)、shehuishijiandenghuanjie,tigaoxueshengyunyongsuoxuezhishifenxihejiejueshijiwentidenengli,tigaoxueshengdeyingyongnenglihezhuanyeshijiannengli。“chuang”jiushichuangxinxunlian、chuangyexunlianhechuangyeshijian,tashiqianyitiyupeiyanggaosuzhiyingyongxingrencaidezhongyaojucuo。gaixiaodalikaizhanchuangxinchuangyejiaoyu,shishi“daxueshengchuangxinchuangyexunlianjihua”,guangfankaizhanxuekeyukejijingsaihuodong,yindaoxueshengjijicanyujiaoshiketiyanjiu,dajianchuangyefuhuapingtai,gulidaxueshengkaizhanchuangxinchuangyeshijian,peiyangxueshengdechuangxinjingshenhechuangyenengli。gaixiaogoujianlebaokuo“suzhituozhanxunlian、shiyanjiaoxue、shixunjiaoxue、kechengsheji、shixijiaoxue、biyelunwen(sheji)、shehuishijian、yingyongyuchuangxin”bagemokuaideshijianjiaoxuetixi,jiang“xue”“yong”“chuang”youjironghe。

    逐步形成办学特色,不断提高人才培养质量

           jingguobuduanshijianhetansuo,qianyitiyu“sangesanweiyiti”deyingyongxingrencaipeiyangmoshizhubuwanshan,qudeleyixiliejijixianzhudechengxiao。

           erjixueyuanxingchenglegejutesederencaipeiyangxingshi。anzhaoyingyongxingrencaipeiyangdezongtisiluhe“sangesanweiyiti”derencaipeiyangmoshi,gaixiaogeerjixueyuanjijitansuo,xingchenglegejutesederencaipeiyangshixianxingshi,ru“xiaosuoqisansanzhi”dongmanrencaipeiyang、“jiaoxueshijianjiuyelingjuli、shixishixunjiuyeyitihua”tongxinzhuanyerencaipeiyang、“shuangwaiyu+shangwujineng”yingyuzhuanyefuhexingrencaipeiyang、“3+1”itfuwuwaibaorencaipeiyang、dianzishangwu“chuangyeshiyanban”deng。dongmanxueyuanxueziyuhefeixiangshu、anhuilisitedengdonghuaqiyelianheshejizhizuole10yubuyouxiudonghuapian,qizhong,26jidonghuapian《xiangshucanting》beiguojiaxinwenchubanguangdianbumenpingxuanwei2012nianduyouxiuguochandonghuapian。2014nian,dongmanxueyuanbeipingwei“quanguojiaoyuxitongxianjinjiti”。

           xiaoqihezuoyurenchengxianlianghaofazhantaishi。gaixiaoxianhouyuanhuiluqiaogongsi、anhuijiaotongkexueyanjiusuodeng40yujiaxingyejigou、qiye、yanjiujigouhedifangzhengfubumenjianlilehezuoguanxi。yuqiyelianhezhidingle36gezhuanyederencaipeiyangfangan,hezuokaifayingyongxingkecheng39men,hezuobianxiejiaocai24bu。gaixiaoyushenzhenxunfang、huasantongxindengqiyezaixiaoneigongjianle“xiandaitongxinshiyanshi”deng9geshiyanshixunzhongxin;jianlilexiaowaishixishixunjidi117ge,xiaoneishixishixunjidi53ge;yinjin2jiadonghuagongsijinzhuxiaoyuan;xianhoukaibanle“xinhua—kedaxunfeijikeban”“xinhua—h3cwangluoban”“xinhua—datangtongxinban”dengduogexiaoqihezuoban,peiyangxueshengyuqianming。

           “shuangnengxing”shiziduiwujianshechengxiaoxianzhu。weilejiansheyizhifuheyingyongxingrencaipeiyangxuyao、“xiaoqishuangxiangronghe”de“shuangnengxing”shiziduiwu,xuexiaoyifangmianpinqingxingyeqiyejishurenyuanheguanlirenyuanlaixiaoshouke,zujianduoyuanhuajiaoxuetuandui;lingyifangmianshishi“shuangnengshizipeiyanggongcheng”,anpaijiaoshixiachangguazhi,cushijiaoshicongdanchundejiaoxuexingxiangjiaoxue、keyan、fuwuxingzhuanbian。gaixiaojiaoshiyuxianfengzhiyao、hefeihuaxunnongyekejiyouxiangongsidengqiyehezuoyanfaleyipixinchanpin、xinxiangmu,qizhong“yimucaozhijizhiliangkongzhi”huodeguojiazhuanli,“zhinengshepinshibiefangdaoqi”“diyajizhongqi”dengtouchanyingyong;xuexiaojiaoshichengjiede10yugegongchengxiangmushejijundadaoleshengyoushuiping。

           chuangxinchuangyejiaoyuqudekexichengguo。jinsannian,gaixiaogonghuopiguojia“daxueshengchuangxinchuangyexunlianjihua”xiangmu277xiang;gongyou289rencixueshengzaishengjijiyishangxuekeyukejijingsaizhonghuojiang。2015niangongyou5mingxueshenghuodeanhuisheng“shuangchuangzhixing”dasaichuangxin、chuangyezhixingjiang,3mingxueshengzaishoujieanhuisheng“hulianwang+”daxueshengchuangxinchuangyedasaizhanhuo1jin2yin,3mingxueshenghuodedaxueshengdianzishejidasaiquanguoyidengjiang。tongshi,zaixiaoxueshenghebiyeshengzhongyongxianchuyipichuangyedianxing,shoudaozhongguoqingnianbao、xinhuawang、anhuiweishidengmeitiduocizhuantibaodao。gaixiaoxianhouhuopiwei“anhuishengchuangxinchuangyeshifanxiao”“anhuishengchuangyeshizipeixunjidi”“chuangyepeixundingdianjigou”、guojia“daxueshengchuangxinchuangyexunlianjihua”shishigaoxiao、“anhuishengdaxueshengchuangyefuhuajidi(aaji)”。

    千亿体育        xueshengjiuyezhilianghefuwushehuinenglibuduantigao。jumaikesidiaocha,gaixiaobiyeshengzhuanyexiangguanduwei67%,yuquanguofei“211”benkeyuanxiaochiping;zhiyewenheduwei52%,biquanguofei“211”benkeyuanxiaopingjunzhi(48%)gao4gebaifendian;biyeyinianhoudefeishiyelvwei96.6%,biquanguofei“211”benkeyuanxiaobiyebannianhoufeishiyelvpingjunzhi(92%)gao4.6gebaifendian。gaixiaoxueshengjijicanjiagongyilaodong、zhiyuanfuwu、shehuidiaocha、shuqi“sanxiaxiang”dengshehuishijianhuodong。2015niangaixiao“sanxiaxiang”shehuishijiantuanduironghuo“quanguodaxuesheng‘sanxiaxiang’shehuishijianhuodongyouxiutuandui”chenghao。

           shijianzhengming,“sangesanweiyiti”deyingyongxingrencaipeiyangmoshijijihuiyinglerendefazhanhejingjishehuifazhanduijiaoyudeyaoqiu,jiaohaodixiediaoleyingyongxingrencaide“zhishi、nengli、suzhi”sanzhezhijiandeguanxi,yiji“yongdeshang、liudezhu、fazhanhao”sanzhezhijiandeguanxi,chongfentixianle“yurenweiben、fuwushehui”dejiaoyulinian。2015nian,qianyitiyubeilinxuanweianhuishengdifangyingyongxinggaoshuipingdaxuelixiangjianshedanwei,gaixiaoba“yipeiyangshehuizerengan、chuangxinjingshenheshijiannengliweihexinderencaipeiyanggaigeshenhuagongcheng”zuoweijianshedifangyingyongxinggaoshuipingdaxuede“shidagongcheng”zhiyi。womenxiangxin,suizhe“sangesanweiyiti”rencaipeiyangmoshigaigedejinyibushenhua,yuelaiyueduodexinhuaxuezinenggoupingjieguoyingdenenglisuzhi,yinglaishuyuzijidesijinfanhua。(wen/dailingling)